Chortkiv district, Ternopil region
- Jewish encyclopedia of Brockhaus & Efron
- Russian Jewish encyclopedia
- Hryhoriy Arshynov, European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative. Probizhna Jewish Cemetery
- Benjamin Lukin, The Center for Jewish Art. Probizhna
- Vitaliy Kamozin
Probizhna (ukr. Пробіжна), the village in Ternopil region. In the 19th - early 20th centuries - in the province of Galicia in Austria-Hungary. In 1919–39 - as part of Poland, in 1939–91 - the Ukrainian SSR.
In 1880, 978 Jews lived in Probizhna (41%),
in 1900 - 1207 (42%),
in 1921 - 1226 Jews (39.1%).
Jews of Probizhna are first mentioned in 1569. In the first half of the19th century, a community existed. By the same time, two synagogues and a cemetery operated.
The first rabbi of Probizhna was Moishe Edelstein, in the 1850s - Dovid-Meier Babad (1830–1894, Tsfat, E-I.), jater - Yakov-Yosef Drimer, Avrom Drimer (1840–1915), in 1879–89 - Isroel Berger (1855–1919), in 1889–1939 - Gusyatin's Hasid Avrom-Yakov Gorvitz (1864–1942).
In the late 19th century, many Jews of Probizhna immigrated to the U.S. These immigrants started a charity for their home community in 1904.
In the inter-war period, the Zionism spread in the town. The youth Zionist organizations such as Ahava, Beitar, Ha-Shomer Ha-Tzair, and Gordonia were active. The Zionist group Beit Am operated a library. Hebrew courses were opened in 1923.
In early July 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Probizhna. In September and October 1942, the Jews of Probizhna were sent to the Belzec death camp and Kopychyntsi ghetto.
|Wooden synagogue and Beit Midrash on the left, on the right - Kloyz of the Chortkiv Hasids