- Russian Jewish encyclopedia
- Холокост на территории СССР: Энциклопедия / Гл. ред. И. А. Альтман. - М.: Российская политическая энциклопедия (РОССПЭН): Научно-просветительный Центр «Холокост», 2009
- Jewish Cemeteries Initiative. Otyniya Jewish Cemetery
- Biblioteka Narodowa Polona. Ottynia
- Portal Polska-org.pl. Ottynia (Отинія)
Kolomyya district, Ivano-Frankivsk region
Otyniya, urban-type village (since 1940) in the Ivano-Frankivsk region. Founded in the 13th century. In the 19th - beginning of the 20th century, the town of Galicia province in Austria-Hungary. In 1919–39 - as part of Poland, in 1939–91 - the Ukrainian SSR.
In 1765, in Otyniya lived 296 Jews,
in 1880 - 1557 (42%),
in 1900 - 2081 (42.4%),
in 1921 - 1728 (39.3%),
in 1931 - 1116 Jews,
in 1939 - 1900 Jews (37.4%).
|Synagogue in Otyniya, 1915
||Rabbi's house in Otyniya, 1915. On the photo, probably, Rabbi Chaim Hager
|Jews on the Main street in Otyniya, 1906
||Otyniya, Jewish types, 1910
|Otyniya, 1905. Card of Jewish publisher in Otyniya J.Stein
||Otyniya, villa Bredta, 1900
The first mention of the Jews of Otyniya dates back to 1635.
In the 1760s, Yoel Katz was a rabbi in Otyniya, from 1852 - Iskhok Gurvitz (1828–1904). From 1868, the head of the rabbin's court was Itshok-Sigor Toybish (1840–1911).
In 1893, Chaim Hager (1863–1932), son of Vizhnits Rebe, founded the Hasidic dynasty in Otyniya. After the death of Chaim Hager the dynasty was led by his son Menachem-Mendl. Second son of Chaim Hager, Isroel-Shalom-Yosef (1884–1944), was a Rebe in Stanislav (now Ivano-Frankivsk).
In 1909–40, the rabbi in Otyniya was Alter Chaim Birbraer (1860–1940).
In 1899, a cash desk of mutual assistance was organized.
At the beginning of the 20th century, with the support of Baron Hirsch, a craft school was opened.
At the beginning of the 20th century, many Jews left for other countries. In 1900 in the USA, the community of immigrants from Otyniya was founded.
In 1916, 43 Jews were sent from Otyniya to Tarnopol.
In the 1920-30s, the departments of various Jewish parties and organizations acted in Otyniya.
In the summer of 1941, Otyniya was occupied by Hungarian, and then - German troops.
According to eyewitnesses, on the eve of the occupation, a pogrom occurred, 63 people died.
Another group of Jews was killed at the end of August 1941.
A ghetto was created, in which more than 2.1 thousand Jews were locked.
In September 1942, 1.2 thousand Jews were taken to Stanislav, another 900 - to the village of Tlumachske.
In total, about 2.2 thousand Jews of the district were killed.